Essay on Quaid e Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah

Muhammad Ali Jinnah, known as Quaide-e-Azam, is the founder of Pakistan. He is also called as National Hero of Pakistan. Jinnah was one of the great leaders in the history of Pakistan and the subcontinent. He is also known as the Father of Nation. He was born on December 25, 1876, in Karachi. His Father’s name was Ponja Jinnah, and his mother was Mithibai. His Father is a merchant, and he belongs to a wealthy family. 

Early Education of Quaid-e-Azam 

Quaid-e-Azam got his early education from Sindh Miadrasa-ul-Islam and Christian Missionary School. At 16, he went to England for higher study, and later, he was admitted to law and completed the degree of Bar At Law from Lincoln’s Inn Law School of London. He turned back after four years and started his professional career as a lawyer in Bombay.

The professional life of Quaid-e-Azam as a Lawyer

Quaid-e-Azam was a prominent lawyer and great politician. He earned fame as a successful lawyer. His Justice also knew him. He used his legal expertise for the rights of his client. His arguments and negotiation were so impressive and brilliant that no one could win the case against him. He only fought for Justice and equality, either fought for Muslims or Hindus.

Quaid-e-Azam as Politician

Quaid-e-Azam was a visionary politician with a clear vision for the creation of Pakistan. He played a vital role in the creation of Pakistan. During his stay in London, he started interested in politics. he joined the Indian National Congress in 1896, the most prominent Indian political organization. He tried to unite the Hindus and Muslims. Jinnah did lots of work for Hindu-Muslim Unity. He wanted to see an independent India, but he realized that Hindu leaders were only working for the interests of their people. 

Jinnah faced many challenges from the opposition of the Indian National Congress. and some Muslim leaders who didn’t want a separate state. A time came when Quaid-Then left Congress and joined the Muslim League. Jinnah became a prominent leader in the Muslim League, working to safeguard the interests of Muslims. He believed Muslims needed a separate homeland to protect their social and political rights. 

He united all the subcontinent Muslims on one page to have a separate homeland where Muslims could spend life independently according to their own choice and culture. Quaid e Azam worked day and night to fulfill the dream of Illama Iqbal, now the dream of billions of people.

Allama Iqbal’s Advice to Quaid-e-Azam

A time came when Quid-e-Azam was disappointed and went to London due to the negative attitude of Muslim Leaders. Allama Iqbal wrote a letter to Quaid-e-Azam in which he described the importance of the unity of Indian Muslims and the force that the Subcontinent’s

Muslims needed a solid and united front to achieve their goals.

He wrote there could be a separate homeland for Indian Muslims where they could live according to their culture, beliefs, and values. Quaid also gave the two-nation theory that the Hindus and Muslims were nations with distinct religions, cultures, and languages. He motivated Quaid-e-Azam that Muslims of India needed the leadership of a strong vision like you to make a separate homeland for them.

Read More: Allama Iqbal poetry

Role of Quaid-e-Azam in Pakistan Resolution

Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah played a significant role in passing the resolution of Pakistan, also known as the Lahore Resolution. He presided over the All India Muslim League’s annual meeting in Lahore on March 23, 1940. Our leader worked hard to pass this resolution successfully. In this resolution, he stated that Muslims of India had their own distinct culture, social, political, and religious values, and even a distinct language so that they had a right to live independently in a separate state.

The majority of Muslims People called this resolution a creation of an independent state for Muslims. He worked hard continuously to create Pakistan, negotiating with the British and Indian National Congress to secure the rights of Muslims for a separate homeland. This resolution was a turning point in the history of Pakistan as well as its creation of Pakistan. As a great leader, he defeated the British government and all other parties through his negotiation, and eventually, Pakistan came into being on August 14, 1947.

The Fourteen Points of Quaid-e-Azam

  • The future Constitution should be federal, with the residuary powers vested in the provinces.
  • A uniform measure of autonomy shall be granted to all provinces.
  • All legislatures in the country and other elected bodies shall be constituted on the principle of adequate and effective representation of minorities in every province without reducing the majority to minorities or even equality.
  • In the Central Legislature, Muslim representation shall not be less than one-third.
  • Representation of communal groups shall continue to be by separate electorates, provided that it shall be open to any community at any time to abandon its separate electorate in favor of a joint electorate.
  • Any territorial distribution that might be necessary at any time shall not affect the Muslim majority in Punjab, Bengal, and NWFP provinces.
  • Full religious liberty shall be guaranteed to all communities.
  • One-third representation shall be given to Muslims in both central and provincial cabinets.
  • No bill or resolution shall be passed in any legislature if three-fourths of community members oppose the bill.
  • Sindh should be separated from Bombay into a province.
  • Reforms should be introduced in the NWFP and Balochistan on the same footing as in the other provinces.
  • Muslims should be given a fair share in all services due to the requirement for efficiency.
  • The Constitution should embody adequate safeguards for protecting Muslim culture, education, language, religion, and personal laws and for Muslim charitable institutions.
  • No change will be made to the Constitution without the province’s consent.

Quid-e-Azam as First Governor General of Pakistan

Quid-e-Azam played a vital role as the first governor-general of Pakistan. Muhammad Ali Jinnah, the founder of Pakistan, passed away on September 11, 1948, due to tuberculosis. He had suffered from the illness for several months, and his health had deteriorated rapidly. He had done a lot to improve education in the country, build a strong relationship with the neighboring country, acquire membership in UNO, make Pakistan’s first Cabinet, etc.

The Famous Quotes of Quaid-e-Azam

  •  “I do not believe in taking the right decision; I take a decision and make it right.”
  • “Expect the best; prepare for the worst.”
  •  “Think a hundred times before you take a decision, but once that decision is taken, stand by it as one man.”
  •  “There are two powers in the world; one is the sword, and the other is the pen. There is great competition between the two. There is a third power stronger than both, that of the women.”
  •  “With faith, discipline, and selfless devotion to duty, there is nothing worthwhile that you cannot achieve.”
  •  “Failure is a word unknown to me.”
  •  “My message to you all is hope, courage, and confidence.”
  •  “No struggle can ever succeed without women participating side by side with men.”
  •  “You will have to make up for the smallness of your size by your courage and selfless devotion to duty, for it is not the life that matters, but the courage, fortitude, and determination you bring to it.”
  •  “Religion should not be allowed to come into politics. Religion is merely a matter between man and God.”

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