Muhammad Allama Iqbal

Allama Iqbal’s name is one of the golden words on the pages of history. We pay tribute to the personality of Iqbal from different angles. He is one of the most influential Muslim thinkers. He was one of the greatest philosophers and poets and an active political leader. His poetry is quite famous and significantly impacted Pakistan’s freedom movement. We also call him the poet of the East with great devotion.

All these things are partially true, but we must think and decide the real secret of Iqbal’s greatness. How and why did Iqbal do it?

Iqbal’s greatness was his commitment to social and political reform. He was deeply engaged in the struggle for Indian independence and worked tirelessly to promote the cause of Muslim unity. His poetry and writings were powerful tools for mobilizing and inspiring people to action. His work covered many topics, from love and nature to politics and spirituality, and his mastery of language and poetic technique was widely acknowledged.

“Failure is not fatal until we surrender. Trying again is the key to glorious victory.” (Iqbal)

Allama Iqbal Birth

Allama Muhammad Iqbal was born on November 9, 1877, in Sialkot, British India(now part of Pakistan). His father’s name was Sheikh Noor Muhammad. He was a tailor who also taught religious education along with subcontinental poetry. He received his early education in Islamic studies from his father and a nearby mosque.

Muhammad Allama Iqbal

Allama Iqbal Early Education

Iqbal received his early education in a traditional maktab Sialkot by Arabic-Persian scholars Said Mir Hasan and Jaid Alam. He passed his matriculation exam from Mission High School Sialkot. He passed his bachelor’s degree from Govt College Lahore. Allama Iqbal completed his master’s degree two years later and was appointed to lecture history, philosophy, and English at Oriented College Lahore. Then he went to Europe for higher study. He did his PhD in philosophy from Germany at the University of Munich.

Allama Iqbal Services

Throughout his career, Allama Iqbal followed various professions but at different times. He is highly regarded in Pakistan, India, and among the Muslims of South Asia. Allama Iqbal worked as a professor of philosophy, took part in politics, practised law, and even joined the round table conference. Years later, Allama Iqbal became a national poet, and he favoured the idea of Pakistan.

Allama Iqbal had command over many languages, such as Persian, Arabic, and Urdu. He wrote masterpieces not only in Urdu but in Persian as well. His poetry is quite famous and has even received international acclaim, while many criticized his work. Some people believe him to be a political poet.

Allama Iqbal was among the few people who raised his voice for the Muslims residing in India under British rule. He even brought social problems into the light and addressed them. Due to his outstanding poetry, many Muslims were influenced in 1930 to brainstorm the idea of a separate homeland for Muslims.

The View of Quaid e Azam About Iqbal

Iqbal has shown a clear and correct path to Jinnah, which cannot be better than any other path. He was the best interpreter of Islam in modern times because no one understood Islam better than Iqbal during that time. It is my honor to have had the opportunity to serve under his leadership as a soldier. I have never seen a more loyal lover of Islam than him.

Poetry of Allama Iqbal

Allama Iqbal’s poetry is a treasure trove of wisdom, inspiration, and thought-provoking ideas that have captivated readers and thinkers worldwide for over a century. His deep understanding of human nature, spirituality, and the complexities of modern society is reflected in his verses, characterized by their profoundness, beauty, and lyrical quality. From his famous poems such as “Shikwa” and “Jawab-e-Shikwa” to his lesser-known works, every line of Iqbal’s poetry is imbued with a message that attracts people from all walks of life. 

As we delve into his writings, we discover new layers of meaning and insight that are just as viable today as they were when they were first penned. It is no wonder that Allama Iqbal is considered one of the most prominent poets of the 20th century, and his poetry continues to inspire and influence people across the globe.

Famous Books of Iqbal

Iqbal has written some books covering several topics, including politics, religion, spirituality, philosophy, etc:

  • Bang-i-Dara
  • Bal-i-Jibrial
  • Zarb-i-Kalim
  • Javed Nama
  • Zabur-i-Ajam
  • Asrar-i-Khudi
  • Payam-i-Mashriq
  • Ilm ul Iqtisad

Death of Iqbal

Allama Iqbal suffered from a prolonged illness but couldn’t bear it and died on April 21, 1938. He is buried in Badshahi Mosque Lahore.

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Allama Iqbal was a remarkable philosopher, poet, and political leader whose ideas and teachings continue to inspire people worldwide. As a prominent advocate of Islamic identity and cultural revivalism, Iqbal’s poetry emphasized the spiritual and moral values central to Islam while promoting education, unity, and self-determination for Muslims. 

Iqbal’s contributions to philosophy, literature, and politics have earned him a place among the greatest minds of the 20th century, and his legacy remains a crucial source of inspiration for those who seek to build a just and equitable society based on Islamic principles. By studying Allama Iqbal’s work and philosophy, individuals can understand the importance of education, unity, and self-determination in realizing their aspirations and achieving their goals.

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